J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1993, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): -.

• Research Articles •    

Studies on Cell Suspension Culture and Fermentation Culture in Arnebia euchroma

Dong Jiao-wang,Ye He-chun,Wu Xin,Li Guo-feng,Wu Zheng-rong, Gu Li-min and Chen Jian-lin   

Abstract: This paper reports some characteristics of cell suspension and fermentation culture in Arnebia euchroma (Royle) Johnst. The yield of suspension culture reached 22.0g dry wt/L per month when inoculum quantity was 2.50 g dry wt/L. Time-course study showed that cell growith lagged in 0–3 days and enhanced greatly in 3–12 days, and almost ceased after 12 days of culture, pH value changed during the culture period and peaked on the 12th day after inoculation. When cells were cultured in liquid production medium, the contents of shikonin derivatives increased quickly and reached to the maximum about the 25th day. The cell yield of 9.47 and 9.34 g dry wt/L per month was obtained in fermentation culture. Timecourse of cell growth in fermentation culture was similar to that in suspension culture. The total content of shikonin derivatives in fermentation culture was 14.26% dry weight from 10 L bioreactor. The yield of shikonin derivatives was 1.93 g/L.

Key words: Arnebia euchroma, Suspension culture, Fermentation culture, Cell growth, Shikonin derivatives

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