J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1991, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): -.

• Research Articles •    

Development of Plantlets from Leaf Protoplast Culture in Brassica juncea var. tsatsi

Lei Jian-jun,Chen Shi-ru, Guo Yu-long and Huang Ju-hui   

Abstract: Protoplast of two mustard cultivars: Brassica juncea var. tsatsi cv. “Quxian Jiaoercai” and “Bangbangcai”, were isolated by enzymolysis from leaf grown in vitro. Protoplasts were suspended in liquid medium and semi-solidified medium with 0.35% low melting point agarose which formed a thin layer floating on the surface of the liquid medium. The first division appeared after 48h in the culture. One week after the original culture, a diluted medium with gradual dicrease of mannitol concentrations (6%→4%→zero) was then added to the culture three times respectively at one week's interval. In this culture method cell division and formation of microcalli were achieved. During the liquid culture of protoplasts, shaking at 20 rpm from time to time was beneficial in the formation of cell colonies and microcalli. Cell colonies developed into calli of approx 0.5—1mm in diameter one month after culture. The plating efficiency, which defined as the percentage of microcatli to numbers of protoplasts, was 0.2%—1%. Shoot regeneration occured when leaf protoplast-derived calli of “Quxian Jiaoercai” were transferred onto the modified MS medium supplemented with BAP 2.0mg/L, KT 1.0mg/L and NAA 0.2mg/L, and those of -'Bangbangcai" were transferred onto the modified MS medium supplemented with BAP 2.0mg/L. Individual shoot was rooted on a rooting medium supplemented with NAA 0.2 or 0.4 mg/L.

Key words: Brassica juncea, Protoplasts, Plant regeneration

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