J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1995, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

GA and ABA Regulation on the Cell Cycle in Germination of Tomato Seeds

Liu Yong-qing, Bino R J and Karssen C M   

Abstract: Flow cytometric determination of ploidy levels in embryos of GA-deficient, ABA-deficient mutant and isogenic wild type tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. Moneymaker) seeds revealed that, large amount of 2C DNA signals existed both in wild type and GA-deficient mutant seeds, showing that most cells had arrested in the cell cycle at presynthesis Gl, whereas a relative amount of 4C proportion which is a sign of seed germination was found in ABA-deficient mutant seeds, indicating that endogenous ABA play a role in regulating the switch from development to germination in seeds. DNA replication was stimulated 1 d after the seed was imbibed in water and a visible germination occurred subsequently either in wild type GA-deficient mutant seeds. But it was not the case for ABA-deficient mutant seeds unless an exogenous GA was supplemented. This demonstrated that DNA replication in embryo root tips cells was subjected to be a compulsory factor for seed germination, whereas endogenous GA triggered DNA synthesis. It was evident that exogenous ABA could inhibit seed germination not by suppressing DNA synthesis but by bloking the route leading to mitosis since a great amount of 4C proportion was found in the germinating wild type and GA-deficient mutant seeds in the ABA solution when visible ger mination did not occur. Finally a simple mode of hormonal regulation on cell cycle in high plants was hypothesized.

Key words: ABA, Cell cycle, GA, Germination, DNA replication, Tomato seed

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