J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1996, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): -.

• Research Articles •    

Ultrastructural and DNA Epifluorescence Observations of the Sperm Cells of Rhododendron-- with Emphasis on Biparental Plastid Inheritance

Guo Feng-li and Hu Shi-yi   

Abstract: The mature pollen grains of Rhododendron mucronulatum Turcz. conform to the 2-celled type. Sperm cells differentiated within the pollen tube about 24 hours after germination in vitro and paired together, one of which being linked with the vegetative nucleus, forming a male germ unit (MGU). Abundance of plastids, mitochondria, microtubules and single-membrane-bounded vesicles could be visualized in each sperm cell, however, endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus were scarce. The electron-dense plastids with normal structure gave ring-like or dumbbell appearance in sections. Mitochondria were smaller and less electron-dense' in contrast to the plastids. DNA epifluorescence technique revealed that the generative and sperm cells contained numerous organelle nuclei (nucleoids). There was no difference in nucleoid number between the two sperm cells in a pollen tube. The results confirmed the possible existance of cytoplasmic inheritance potential of the male gametes of Rhododendron.

Key words: Sperm cell: Ultrastructure, DNA epifluorescence, Cytoplasmic inheritance, Rhododendron mucronulatum

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2022 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q