J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1996, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): -.

• Research Articles •    

Fractionation and Biological Activity of Aspergillus oryzae Elicitor Promoting Biosynthesis of Shikonin Derivatives

Ning Wen and Cao Ri-qiang   

Abstract: The Aspergillus oryzae elicitor was extracted from mycelia. The concentrated crude preparation of which was treated through DEAE-Cellulose, Sepharose-4B. Bio-Gel p- 4 and 732 columns. Elicitor activity was associated with fraction F Ⅰ b2-H, which had no affinity for DEAE-Cellulose and 732 resin. Its molecular weight was 1200~2200 D and its carbohydrate content was 6.7% of that of the crude. The elicitor activity was 120 times higher than that of crude preparation. There were also fractions F Ⅱ of nucleic acids and F Ⅰ b2-Na of nucleotides, amino acids in crude elicitor preparation. They did not affect shikonin derivative formation at low concentration, but inhibited shikonin derivative formation at high concentration. Fraction FIa of polysaccharid nature in the crude preparation which strongly inhibited shikonin derivative formation was another kind of elicitor of a new metabolite yellow pigment.

Key words: Onosma paniculatum, Aspergillus oryzae elicitor, Cell cultures, Purification of elicitor

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