J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1999, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): -.

• Research Articles •    

Isolation of Glycoproteins from Verticillium dahliae and Their Phytotoxicity

CHU Zhao-Qing,JIA Jun-Wei, ZHOU Xiang-Jun and CHEN Xiao-Ya   

Abstract: Verticillium dahliae Kleb. is a phytopathogenic fungus that causes cotton wilt-disease. Glycoproteins secreted by V. dahliae have been found to play an important role in wilting syndrome. In this study the glycoproteins were purified consecutively by ConA-Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography, Sephadex G-150 gel filtration, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and SDS gradient gel electrophoresis. The N-terminal residual sequence of a 26 kD glycoprotein was analyzed. Plant-wilting tests were carried out by injection of glycoproteins, and those treated by heat, ConA and zeatin, into cotton leaves, respectively. Results showed that heat and ConA treatment abolished the wilt-causing activity of the glycoproteins, and zeatin alleviated the wilt syndrome of cotton. Furthermore, the glycoproteins were found to be effective elicitors in inducing the biosynthesis of sesquiterpene aldehyde phytoalexins in suspension cell cultures of Gossypium barbadense L., and heat-treatment lowered, but not abolished the elicitor activity. However, application of native glycoproteins at the concentration higher than 5 mg/L resulted in cell death.

Key words: Gossypium barbadease , Verticillium dahliae , Wilt, Glycoproteins

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2022 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q