J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1999, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): -.

• Research Articles •    

Desiccation Alters the Stability and Distribution of Pea Seed-borne Mosaic Virus in Pea (Pisum sativum) Cotyledon Cells

ZHANG Jing-Feng, LIU Kun-Fan, WEN Yu-Xiang and WANG Dao-Wen   

Abstract: As a seed transmitted pathogen, pea seed-borne mosaic vires (PSbMV) not only replicates in embryonic cells but can also withstand seed desiccation. To understand the mechanism of PSbMV tolerance to seed desiccation, the authors compared the stability of viral coat protein (CP) and the distribution of viral particles in the cotyledon cells of pea ( Pisum sativum L. ) embryos collected before and after the dehydration process. Before dehydration, when the embryo was fresh and immature, degradation of CP was observed and a predominantly perinuclear distribution of viral particles in the cotyledon cells was evident. After dehydration, when the embryo was dry and mature, degradation of CP did not occur and the perinuclear viral distribution disappeared. Instead, aggregates containing PSbMV CP were found in the cytoplasm. Electron microscopy showed that these aggregates were composed of PSbMV particles. The formation of PSbMV particle aggregates is apparently triggered by seed dehydration and may be favorable to the virus survival in the desiccated embryonic cells.

Key words: Desiccation, Pea seed, Pea seed-borne mosaic virus

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