J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1979, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

Structure and Function of Chloroplast Membrane III. The Effects of Mg++ and K+ Ions Toward the Ultrastructure of Two Kinds of Chloroplast Thylakoid Membranes

Zuo Bao-yu, Li Shi-yi, Wang Ren-ru, Kuang Ting-yun and Tuan Hsu-chuan   

Abstract: Based upon our previous work on the relationship between structure and function of chloroplast of wheat in connection with PSⅡ reaction, we studied the effects of MgCl2 and KC1 toward two kinds of thylakoid membranes. After exposing etiolated wheat seedlings to intermittent light (cycle of 2 min. light, 118 min. dark) for 24 hr, we obtain ed an incompletely developed chleroplast membrane. Completely developed chloroplast membrane was obtained from wheat seedlings grown under normal light-dark regime. Thylakoid membranes of plants grown under intermittent light failed to form grana stacks they remained as single lamellae in the suspension containing Mg++ or K+ of high concentration although simple stackings not more than two thylakoids c.ould be found. However, thylakoids grown under normal light-dark regime showed well developed grand stacks. Isolated chloroplast samples from two kinds of seedlings were suspended in 5 mM MgCl2 and 100 mM KC1 solutions for a definite time, portions of each samples were processed for electron microscopic observations and their photosynthetic activities were measured at the same time (It will be dealt with in another article). When these two kinds of isolated plastids were suspended either in MgCl2 (5 mM) or KC1 (100), the normally developed grana thylakoids stacked closely but the incompletely developed thylakoid- membranes did not stack. The incompletely developed chloroplast thylakoid membranes,, in either Mg++ or K+ ions could not induce stacking of the scattered thylakoid membranes to form grana. Therefore, we presume that light- harvesting chlorophyll a/b protein complex is on internal factor to induce thylakoid- membranes stacking and a definite concentration of caionions is an important factor in maintaining the stacking of thylakoid membranes. These results further prove the close association between structure and function in our previous studies on the mesophyll cell of the winter wheat.

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