J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1979, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (3): -.

• Research Articles •    

Foliar Nectaries and Glandular Trichomes in Catalpa (Bignoniaceae)

Thomas S. Elias and Lydia F. Newcombe   

Abstract: The Tertiary relic genus Catalpa, containing 11 Old and New World species, has multiple nectaries in the junctions of the major veins on the lower leaf surfaces. The generalized structure of the nectaries consists of a single, basal cell, and a single row of vertically oriented secretory cells. The nectaries are small, and contain no vascular tissue. Glandular and nonglandular trichomes are also present on the leaves. The glandular trichomes are structurally very similar to the nectaries, and probably are their precursors. Development of multiple nectaries in the lower leaf surface vein axils is considered to be an advanced strategy for attracting beneficial insects to control or minimize the effects of herbivorous insects. Chinese and American species of Catalpa are closely related, and have greater numbers of nectaries in more locations on the lower leaf surface than west Indian species. Herbivory pressures in the West Indies are postulated to be lower than on the continents, i.e. Asia and North America.

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