J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1999, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

Fluorescence in situ Hybridization and Southern Blot Analyses on Leymus racemosus and Related Species

WANG Su-Ling, QI Li-Li, CHEN Pei-Du and LIU Da-Jun   

Abstract: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was carried out in somatic cells of racemosus (lam.) Tzvel. and Thinopyrum junceum ( Savul. & Rayss) A. Love using Th. bessarabicum ( Savul. & Rayss) A. Love genomic DNA as probe. Fourteen pairs of chromosomes in L. racemosus gave positive signal, and only seven of fourteen pairs of chromosomes in Th. junceum showed signal. In FISH probed with PHv62, the chromosomes in Th. bessarabicum and L. racemosus hybridized with PHv62, whereas Th. Bessarabicum showed positive signal in four pairs of chromosomes, and the latter in thirteen pairs of chromosomes. No positive signal was observed in chromosomes of Psathyrostachys juncea (Fisch.) Nevski and Th. junceum. The results of Southern hybridization probed with PHv62 were similar to those of in situ hybridization. Twelve alien chromosome lines of T. aestivum-L, racemosus were detected by PHv62 probing. In most of the alien chromosome lines, PHv62 hybridized in fragment of Leymus chromosomes, except for the line containing chromosomes 5Lr # 1 and 1 1Lr # 1. It is inferred that Th. bessarabicum may involve in the formation of species. Non the less, significant changes have occurred during the evolution of Leymus genomes.

Key words: Thinopyrum bessarabicum, Psathyrostachys juncea, Leymus racemosus, Fluorescence in situ hybridization, Southern blot, Genomic relationship

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