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J Integr Plant Biol, 1998, 40 (6): -, Research Article
Immunochemical Assay for Quality and Immunological Homology of Storage Proteins in Different Closely Related Genera and Species of Wheat
SONG Xi-Yun, CAI Qiu-Fang,GAO Wen-Shu, LIU Guang-Tian and HUANG Tie-Cheng
doi:
Abstract
An immunochemical assay using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies of high-molecular-weight glutenin subunit (HMW-GS) in Triticum aestivum L. was carried out to determine the quality of wheat and to investigate the immunological homology of the storage proteins in cereal endosperms in different closely related wheat genera and species. The results showed that correlation between the antigen-antibody reaction and the wheat quality varied with the type of antibodies used and the quality. The correlation coeffecient was slightly higher when the polyclonal antibodies were used than monoclonal antibodies were used. The correlation coeffecient was high between the antibody binding and the protein content, and wet/dry gluten coment, with Zeleny sedimentation value, while that between antibody binding and bread characters was lower. The highest correlation coeffecient between the polyclonal antibody binding and the protein content in grains, wet and dry gluten contents, bread volume and bread ratio volume was 0. 762 0, 0. 894 2, 0. 887 3, 0.610 3, 0.459 8 and 0.474 4 respectively, while the highest correlation coeffecient between the monoclonal antibody binding and the above parameters was 0. 783 7, 0. 774 5, 0.782 2, 0. 684 1, 0. 687 3 and 0. 598 2 respectively. The immunological homologies between I-IMW-GS 1Dyl0 in common wheat and endosperm storage protein in wheat grains of different genera and species were noticed. The cross-reac-tion among Triticum aestivum L., Secale cereale, T. spelta L., Aegilops squearrosa L. and T. Turgidtan L. was stronger than that among other cereals.
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