J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1997, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): -.

• Research Articles •    

Relationships of Starch Concentration with Specific Leaf Weight and Mineral Concentrations in Potato Leaves Under Varied CO2 and Temperature

Cao Wei-xing and Theodore W. Tibbitts   

Abstract: Foliar concentrations of starch and major nutrients N, P, K, Ca, and Mg along with specific leaf weight (SLW) were determined in the potato (Solaruan tuberosum L. ) cvs "Denali", "Norland” and "Russet Burbank" grown for 35 days under the CO2 concentrations of 500, 1 000, 1 500 and 2 000 μmol' mol-l at both 16 and 20 ℃ air temperature. The starch concentration, pooled from the three cuhivars, increased with increasing CO2 concentration at both 16 and 20 ℃, and was consistently higher at 16 ℃ than at 20 ℃. The SLW (g·m-2) was positively related to the foliar starch concentration on the basis of leaf area or dry weight. The concentrations of N, P, Ca, and Mg in leaves were negatively related to starch concentration under 14% starch on a dry weight basis. Above 14%, there was no significant relationship between nutrient and starch concentrations. The similar patterns were seen when the SLW and nutrient concentrations were expressed on a starch-free basis. In contrast, the leaf concentration of K was not closely related to the starch concentration. The results indicated that the changes in SLW and concentrations of N, P, Ca, and Mg in potato leaves only partially resulted from the changed starch concentration.

Key words: CO2 concentration, Temperature, Specific leaf weight, Starch concentration, Mineral concentration, Potatoes

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