J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2007, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (4): -.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2007.00433.x

• Development & Photosynthesis •    

Changes in Thermostability of Photosystem II and Leaf Lipid Composition of Rice Mutant with Deficiency of Light-harvesting Chlorophyll a/b Protein Complexes

Yunlai Tang, Mei Chen, Yinong Xu and Tingyun Kuang   

Abstract: We studied the difference in thermostability of photosystem II (PSII) and leaf lipid composition between a T-DNA insertion mutant rice (Oryza sativa L.) VG28 and its wild type Zhonghua11. Native green gel and SDS-PAGE electrophoreses revealed that the mutant VG28 lacked all light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b protein complexes. Both the mutant and wild type were sensitive to high temperatures, and the maximal efficiency of PSII photochemistry (Fv/Fm) and oxygen-evolving activity of PSII in leaves significantly decreased with increasing temperature. However, the PSII activity of the mutant was markedly more sensitive to high temperatures than that of the wild type. Lipid composition analysis showed that the mutant had less phosphatidylglycerol and sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol compared with the wild type. Fatty acid analysis revealed that the mutant had an obvious decrease in the content of 16:1t and a marked increase in the content of 18:3 compared with the wild type. The effects of lipid composition and unsaturation of membrane lipids on the thermostability of PSII are discussed.

Key words: high temperature, lipid composition, light-harvesting a/b protein complexes, photosystem II, rice.

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