J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1990, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

Plant Regeneration from Protoplasts of Suspension Cells of Saposhnilkovia divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk

Sheng Shi-hong and Chen Hui-min   

Abstract: Embryogenic calli were produced from the segments of the young roots, hypocotyls or petioles of test-tube seedlings on MS agar medium containing 1 mg/1 2,4-D. When shaken in the MS liquid medium, the calli formed cell suspension with many embryogenic cell clumps.Using the enzyme mixture: Onozuka R-10 1.5%+MacerozymeR-10 0.3%+Snailase 0.5%+CaCl2 5 mmol/l + Mannitol 0.6 mol/1 (pH=5.8), protoplasts were obtained from the cell clumps which had been subcultured for three to' seven days. When cultivated, the protoplasts grew and began to divide after four days, and formed cell clumps about l—2 mm within fifty days. Protoplast-derived calli were formed from the cell clumps on the MS agar medium with 0.5 mg/l 2,4-D. When transferred onto the MS agar medium containing 0.1 mg/1 6-BA or 0.1 mg/1 2,4-D and 0.5 mg/1 6-BA, the calli differentiated into embryoids. On the MS agar medium without phytohormone, the embryoids grew into plantlets.

Key words: Saposhnikovia divaricata, Suspension cell, protoplasts, Plant regeneration

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