J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1989, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (9): -.

• Research Articles •    

The Effect of Cadmium on Photosystem II in Spinach Chloroplasts

Yang Dan-hui, Xu Chun-hui, Zhao Fu-houg and Dai Yun-ling   

Abstract: Cadmium ions, as an environmental pollution factor, significantly inhibited the photosynthesis especially, photosystem Ⅱ activity in isolated spinach chloroplasts. The presence of 5 mmol/l Cd2+ inhibited the O2-evolution to 53%. Cd2+ reduced the activity of photoreduction of DCIP and the variable fluorescence of chloroplasts and PSⅡ preparation. The inhibited DCIP photoreduction activity could only be restored slightly by the addition of an artificial electron donor of PSII, DPC, and the inhibited variable fluorescence could not be obviously recovered by the addition of NH2OH, another artificial electron donor of PSⅡ. It is considered that, besides the oxidizing side of PSI1, Cd2+ could also inhibit directly the PSⅡ reaction center. The inhibitory effect of Cd2+ on the whole chain electron transport (H2O→MV) was more serious than on O2-evolution (H2O→DCMU). It is suggested that the oxidizing side of PSⅡ is not the only site for Cd2+ action. There may be another site inhibited by Cd2+ in the electron transport chain between PSⅠ and PSⅡ.

Key words: Cadmium ions, Spinach chloroplast, Photosystem Ⅱ

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