J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1988, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): -.

• Research Articles •    

The Changes of Protein Content and Synthetic Activity in Squash Pollen During Germination

Que Qiu-deng and Tang Xi-hua(Tang Si-hua)   

Abstract: The total protein content of squash (Cucurbita moschata Duch.) pollen decreased gradually during in vitro germination. It was caused by the release of wall proteins and part of the cytoplasmic proteins. The release of the pollen wall proteins was not dependent on germination, it was a passive diffusion process. However, the cytoplasmic proteins did not release until the pollen germinated, a fraction of them was synthesized de novo during germination. The RNA and protein synthetic activities initiated soon after in vitro pollen germination. The RNA synthesis decreased during germination. As about half the activity was inhibited by α-amanitin, mRNA might be the major RNA synthesized de novo. The total protein synthesis increased during germination, almost all of this synthesis was inhibited by cycloheximide, and partially by α-amanitin, but it was not affected significantly by actinomycin D. These results indicated that both stored and de novo synthesized mRNA might play a role in the protein synthesis. The content of stored mRNA of squash pollen was about 11-3 pg/grain as measured by UV absorption after its purification from total RNA (2440 pg/grain) by oligo (dT)-cellulose affinity chromatagraphy. Both cycloheximide and α-amanitin inhibited pollen tube growth in vitro. Actinomycin D and tunicamycin inhibited pollen germination in the first hour, however, no reduction ,of the tube length was observed later. Cyclohex,nide inhibited the pollen germination and tube elongation in vivo, that fitted well with the in vitro results. According to these results, it was suggested that the de novo syntheses of mRNA and protein were neccessary for the maintenance of pollen tube growth.

Key words: Squash pollen, Protein content and synthesis, Stored mRNA

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