J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1988, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): -.

• Research Articles •    

The Ultrastructural Study on the Early Embryonic Development of Radish

Qiu De-bo and D.J. Harberd   

Abstract: The ultrastructure of the mature embryo sac, the early stages of the embryo and endosperm development of common radish, Raphanur sativus was examined. The embryo sac consists of 7 cells with antipodal ceils disappeared when it matures. The egg cell is highly polarized. The wall surrounded the chalazal end of the egg cell is incomplete, showing a discontinuous structure of an electron dense material deposited intermittently in the space between the two plasma membranes of the egg cell and central cell. The synergid has filiform apparatus, rich in organelles and well developed ER. The two polar nuclei of the central cell are located near the egg apparatus because of the big vacuole, and the finger-like protrutions from the cell wall, as that in synergid, are found. The first division of the zygote occurs 4–5 days after pollination and the development of the embryo follows the Onagrad type, and the structure of the embryo cell is quite simple for containing small quantity of ER, plastids and other organelles. The primary endosperm nucleus deviates 2 days earlier than zygote. The endosperm is of nuclear-endosperm containing chloroplasts, well developed ER, and plentiful of mitochondria and golgi bodies and the nodule-like aggregation in both. the chalazal and micropylar ends of the embryo sac during the early development appeared, and cell wall starting at the micropylar end by freely-growing forms about 16 days after pollination.

Key words: Raphanus sativus, Embryogenesis, Ultrastructure

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