J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1988, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

Tapetum Dimorphism and Its Histochemical Study in Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L. Var. grossum)

Fang Jin and Zhang Shu-zu   

Abstract: In sweet pepper, the portion of tapetum toward the interior of the anther comprising large cells is derived from cells of connective of anther whereas the remaining tapetum on the outside of the anther comprising comparatively small cells is derived from the parietal layer. Those ceils of the former prosessing large vacuoles and large nuclei are stained weaker than the cells of the latter by methyl green-pyronin and mercuric-bromophenol blue staining. Large spherical grains which contain acid phosphatase appear in the vacuoles in both kinds of tapetum at sporogenesis stage. During meiosis of pollen mother cells, DNA, RNA and protein sysntheses increase in tapetum. The tapetum derived from connective accumulates more DNA than that derived from parietal layer. The activity of acid phosphatase becomes higher in tapetum when it degenerates. The degeneration of two kinds of tapetum is similar. There are no starch grains in tapetum through its whole course of development.

Key words: Capsicum annuum L. var. grossum, Dimorphism, Histochemistry, Tapetum

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