J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2020, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (1): 104-117.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12896

Special Issue: Epigenetics

• Invited Expert Reviews For Plant Research Progress • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Experiencing winter for spring flowering: A molecular epigenetic perspective on vernalization

Xiao Luo and Yuehui He*   

  1. National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics & Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201602, China

    Email: Yuehui He(yhhe@sibs.ac.cn)
  • Received:2019-11-30 Accepted:2019-12-10 Online:2019-12-12 Published:2020-01-01


Many over‐wintering plants, through vernalization, overcome a block to flowering and thus acquire competence to flower in the following spring after experiencing prolonged cold exposure or winter cold. The vernalization pathways in different angiosperm lineages appear to have convergently evolved to adapt to temperate climates. Molecular and epigenetic mechanisms for vernalization regulation have been well studied in the crucifer model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we review recent progresses on the vernalization pathway in Arabidopsis. In addition, we summarize current molecular and genetic understandings of vernalization regulation in temperate grasses including wheat and Brachypodium, two monocots from Pooideae, followed by a brief discussion on divergence of the vernalization pathways between Brassicaceae and Pooideae.

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2022 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q