J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2020, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (10): 1574-1593.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12919

Special Issue: Development

• Plant Reproduction Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

GDSL esterase/lipases OsGELP34 and OsGELP110/OsGELP115 are essential for rice pollen development

Huihui Zhang1,2,3†, Menglong Wang1,2†, Yiqi Li1,2†, Wei Yan1,2, Zhenyi Chang1,2, Haolin Ni1, Zhufeng Chen2, Jianxin Wu1, Chunjue Xu2*, Xing Wang Deng2,4* and Xiaoyan Tang1,2*   

  1. 1Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology for Plant Development, School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2Shenzhen Institute of Molecular Crop Design, Shenzhen 518107, China
    3School of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
    4School of Life Sciences, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China

    These authors contributed equally to the work.
    Email: Chunjue Xu (xch@frontier-ag.com); Xing Wang Deng (deng@pku.edu.cn); Xiaoyan Tang (txy@frontier-ag.com, Dr. Tang is fully responsible for the distribution of the materials associated with this article)
  • Received:2019-11-04 Accepted:2020-02-17 Online:2020-02-18 Published:2020-10-01


Pollen exine contains complex biopolymers of aliphatic lipids and phenolics. Abnormal development of pollen exine often leads to plant sterility. Molecular mechanisms regulating exine formation have been studied extensively but remain ambiguous. Here we report the analyses of three GDSL esterase/lipase protein genes, OsGELP34, OsGELP110, and OsGELP115, for rice exine formation. OsGELP34 was identified by cloning of a male sterile mutant gene. OsGELP34 encodes an endoplasmic reticulum protein and was mainly expressed in anthers during pollen exine formation. osgelp34 mutant displayed abnormal exine and altered expression of a number of key genes required for pollen development. OsGELP110 was previously identified as a gene differentially expressed in meiotic anthers. OsGELP110 was most homologous to OsGELP115, and the two genes showed similar gene expression patterns. Both OsGELP110 and OsGELP115 proteins were localized in peroxisomes. Individual knockout of OsGELP110 and OsGELP115 did not affect the plant fertility, but double knockout of both genes altered the exine structure and rendered the plant male sterile. OsGELP34 is distant from OsGELP110 and OsGELP115 in sequence, and osgelp34 and osgelp110/osgelp115 mutants were different in anther morphology despite both were male sterile. These results suggested that OsGELP34 and OsGELP110/OsGELP115 catalyze different compounds for pollen exine development.

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