J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2006, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (3): -.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2006.00179.x

• Research Articles •    

A Novel Flavonoid Glucoside from Anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl.

Chun-Nian He, Chun-Lan Wang, Shun-Xing Guo, Jun-Shan Yang and Pei-Gen Xiao   

Abstract: Eight compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate- and n-butanol-soluble fractions of the ethanolic extract of the whole plant of Anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl. (Orchidaceae). On the basis of spectroscopic methods, the structures of these compounds were elucidated as quercetin-7-O-β-D-[6''''-O-(trans-feruloyl)]-glucopyranoside (compound 1), 8-C-p-Hydroxybenzylquercetin (compound 2), isorhamnetin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (compound 3), isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (compound 4), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (compound 5), kaempferol-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (compound 6), 5-hydroxy-3'',4'',7-trimethoxyflavonol-3-O-β-D-rutinoside (compound 7), and isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-rutinoside (compound 8). Of the compounds isolated, compound 1 was a new flavonoid glucoside and exhibited strong scavenging activity against the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical, whereas the ethanolic extract showed weak activity. Compounds 2–8 were obtained from this family for the first time.(Author for correspondence.Tel: 010 6282 9619; Fax: 010 6289 5120; E-mail: sxguo2006@yahoo.com.cn)

Key words: Anoectochilus roxburghii, quercetin-7-O-β-D-[6'-O-(trans-feruloyl)]-glucopyranoside, radical-scavenging activity.

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