J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2007, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (3): -.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2007.00369.x

• Development & Photosynthesis •    

Regulation of Light Energy Utilization and Distribution of Photosynthesis in Five Subtropical Woody Plants

Nan Liu, Chang-Lian Peng1, Zhi-Fang Lin1, Gui-Zhu Lin1 and Xiao-Ping Pan   

Abstract: The adaptations and responses of photosynthesis to long- and short-term growth light gradient treatments were investigated in five subtropical forest plants, namely Pinus massoniana Lamb., Schima superba Gardn. et Champ., Castanopsis fissa (Champ. ex Benth.) Rehd. et Wils., Acmena acuminatissima (BI.) Merr et Perry, and Cryptocarya concinna Hance. With diurnal changes in sunlight and air temperature, the de-epoxidation state and lutein content in the five woody plants under three light intensities first increased and then decreased during the day. However, maximal photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm; where Fm is the maximum fluorescence yield and Fv is variable fluorescence) and the photochemical quantum yields of photosystem (PS) II (PSII) of the species examined changed in the opposite manner, with those in plants grown under 100% natural light changing the most. After long-term treatment (21 months), anti-oxidant capacity (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH•)-scavenging capacity) and utilization of excitation energy showed differences in modulation by different light intensities. It was shown that A. acuminatissima and C. concinna, as dominant species in the late succession stage of a subtropical forest in Dinghu mountain, South China, were better able to adapt to different light environments. However, P. massoniana, the pioneer species of this forest, exhibited less adaptation to low light intensity and was definitely eliminated by the forest succession process.

Key words: adaptation, chlorophyll fluorescence, community succession, light intensity, subtropical forest.

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