J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2007, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (9): 1284-1293.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2007.00535.x

Special Issue: Ecology and Global Changes

• Bioenergy Plants • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Biological Cycles of Mineral Elements in a Young Mixed Stand in Abandoned Mining Soils

Da-Lun Tian, Wen-Hua Xiang, Wen-De Yan , Wen-Xing Kang, Xiang-Wen Deng and Zhu Fan   

Abstract:

Phytoremediation as a sustainable and inexpensive technology based on the removal of pollutants from the environment by plants is becoming an increasingly important objective in plant research. In this study, biological cycles of five nutrient elements (N, P, K, Ca, and Mg) and eight heavy metal elements (Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Cd, Ni, Pb and Co) were examined in young paniculed goldraintree (Koelreuteria paniculata Laxm) and common elaeocarpus (Elaeocarpus decipens) mixed stands in an abandoned mining area. We found that after vegetation restoration in abandoned mining areas, the organic matter and concentrations of nutrient elements were significantly increased and the heavy metal elements were significantly decreased, the annual retention, uptake and return were 75.0, 115.4, and 40.3 kg/hm2 for nutrient elements, and 1 878.0,3 231.0 and 1 353.0 g/hm2 for heavy metal elements, respectively, with the utilization coefficient, cycling coefficient and turnover rate of 0.92, 0.35 and 0.32 for nutrient elements, and 1.24, 0.42 and 1.92 for heavy metal elements, respectively.Our results suggested that the vegetation restoration in abandoned mining areas had significant effects in improving environmental conditions, enhancing soil available nutrients, and ensuring human health.

Key words: abandoned mining areas, biological cycle, common elaeocarpus (Elaeocarpus decipens), heavy metal elements, mixed stand, paniculed goldraintree (Koelreuteria paniculata).

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