J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2009, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (8): 740-750.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2009.00850.x

Special Issue: Sexual Reproductions

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Regulation of Actin Dynamics in Pollen Tubes: Control of Actin Polymer Level

Naizhi Chen, Xiaolu Qu, Youjun Wu and Shanjin Huang*   

  1. Center for Signal Transduction and Metabolomics, Key Laboratory of Photosynthesis and Environmental Molecular Physiology, Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
  • Received:2009-03-29 Accepted:2009-05-24 Published:2009-08-17
  • About author: *Author for correspondence Tel: +86 10 6283 6675; Fax: +86 10 8259 9701; E-mail: sjhuang@ibcas.ac.cn

Abstract:

Actin cytoskeleton undergoes rapid reorganization in response to internal and external cues. How the dynamics of actin cytoskeleton are regulated, and how its dynamics relate to its function are fundamental questions in plant cell biology. The pollen tube is a well characterized actin-based cell morphogenesis in plants. One of the striking features of actin cytoskeleton characterized in the pollen tube is its surprisingly low level of actin polymer. This special phenomenon might relate to the function of actin cytoskeleton in pollen tubes. Understanding themolecularmechanism underlying this special phenomenon requires careful analysis of actin-binding proteins that modulate actin dynamics directly. Recent biochemical and biophysical analyses of several highly conserved plant actin-binding proteins reveal unusual and unexpected properties, which emphasizes the importance of carefully analyzing their action mechanism and cellular activity. In this review, we highlight an actin monomer sequestering protein, a barbed end capping protein and an F-actin severing and dynamizing protein in plant. We propose that these proteins function in harmony to regulate actin dynamics and maintain the low level of actin polymer in pollen tubes.
 

Chen N, Qu X, Wu Y, Huang S (2009). Regulation of actin dynamics in pollen tubes: control of actin polymer level. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 51(8), 740–750.

Key words: actin binding proteins, actin dynamics, pollen tube.

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