J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2009, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (10): 922-932.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2009.00866.x

Special Issue: Rice Genomics and Agriculture

• Cell and Developmental Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Distribution of Japonica Rice Cultivars in the Lower Region of the Yangtze River Valley is Determined by Its Photoperiod-sensitivity and Heading Date Genotypes

Xiang-Jin Wei1, Ling Jiang1, Jun-Feng Xu1, Xi Liu1, Shi-Jia Liu1, Hu-Qu Zhai2 and Jian-Min Wan1,2*   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    2 Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2009-05-08 Accepted:2009-07-09 Published:2009-08-26
  • About author:*Author for correspondence. Tel(Fax): +86 25 8439 6516; E-mail: wanjm@njau.edu.cn and wanjm@caas.net.cn

Abstract:

There are generally four recognized classes of japonica rice cultivars grown in the lower region of the Yangtze River valley. The geographical distribution of the four classes is latitude-dependent. Variation for heading date (HD) among 29 japonica rice cultivars grown in the lower region of the Yangtze River valley and belonging to the four classes was characterized, and their sensitivity to variations in photoperiod and temperature was analyzed. All of the cultivars were sensitive to both photoperiod and temperature. A regression analysis showed that HD is closely correlated with photoperiod sensitivity (PS). The PS of the four classes increased gradually from the medium maturing middle (MMM) types, through the late maturing middle (LMM) and early maturing late (EML) types to the medium maturing late (MML) types. Crosses with tester lines established that almost all of the cultivars carry the dominant early-heading allele at Ef-1, the photoperiod insensitive allele e2 and the PS alleles E1 or E1t . Most of the MMM, LMM and MML types carry the insensitive allele e3, while EML types have either E3 or E3t. At Se-1, MMM and LMM types have Se-1e, some EML types have Se-1e and others Se-1n, while the MML types are mostly Se-1n. The PS of some MMM, LMM and EML types is reduced by the presence of hd2. These results show that the distribution of the four rice cultivar classes from high latitude to low latitude regions depended on a gradual increase in PS, which is mainly determined by its HD genotypes.

Wei XJ, Jiang L, Xu JF, Liu X, Liu SJ, Zhai HQ, Wan JM (2009). The distribution of Japonica rice cultivars in the lower region of the Yangtze River valley is determined by its photoperiod-sensitivity and heading date genotypes. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 51(10), 922-932.

 

Key words: geographical distribution, genotype, heading date, Japonica rice, photoperiod-sensitivity.

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