J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2014, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (1): 88-100.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12110

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Iron deprivation results in a rapid but not sustained increase of the expression of genes involved in iron metabolism and sulfate uptake in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) seedlings

Anna Rita Paolacci1, Silvia Celletti1, Giulio Catarcione1, Malcolm J. Hawkesford2, Stefania Astolfi1* and Mario Ciaffi1   

  1. 1DAFNE, University of Tuscia, via S.C. de Lellis, Viterbo, Italy
    2Rothamsted Research, West Common, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom
  • Received:2013-07-10 Accepted:2013-09-17 Published:2013-11-25
  • About author:*Corresponding author Tel: +39 0761 357337; Fax: +39 0761 357242; E-mail: sastolfi@unitus.it

Abstract:

Characterization of the relationship between sulfur and iron in both Strategy I and Strategy II plants, has proven that low sulfur availability often limits plant capability to cope with iron shortage. Here it was investigated whether the adaptation to iron deficiency in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants was associated with an increased root sulfate uptake and translocation capacity, and modified dynamics of total sulfur and thiols accumulation between roots and shoots. Most of the tomato sulfate transporter genes belonging to Groups 1, 2, and 4 were significantly upregulated in iron-deficient roots, as it commonly occurs under S-deficient conditions. The upregulation of the two high affinity sulfate transporter genes, SlST1.1 and SlST1.2, by iron deprivation clearly suggests an increased root capability to take up sulfate. Furthermore, the upregulation of the two low affinity sulfate transporter genes SlST2.1 and SlST4.1 in iron-deficient roots, accompanied by a substantial accumulation of total sulfur and thiols in shoots of iron-starved plants, likely supports an increased root-to-shoot translocation of sulfate. Results suggest that tomato plants exposed to iron-deficiency are able to change sulfur metabolic balance mimicking sulfur starvation responses to meet the increased demand for methionine and its derivatives, allowing them to cope with this stress.

Paolacci AR, Celletti S, Catarcione G, Hawkesford MJ, Astolfi S, Ciaffi M (2014) Iron deprivation results in a rapid but not sustained increase of the expression of genes involved in iron metabolism and sulfate uptake in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) seedlings. J Integr Plant Biol 56: 88–100. doi: 10.1111/jipb.12110

Key words: Iron, strategy I, sulfate accumulation, sulfate transporters, tomato

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