J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2014, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (2): 114-121.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12128

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Improvement of plant abiotic stress tolerance through modulation of the polyamine pathway

Haitao Shi and Zhulong Chan*   

  1. Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Specialty Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
  • Received:2013-06-14 Accepted:2013-11-01 Published:2014-01-08
  • About author:*Correspondence E-mail:zhulongch@wbgcas.cn

Abstract:

Polyamines (mainly putrescine (Put), spermidine (Spd), and spermine (Spm)) have been widely found in a range of physiological processes and in almost all diverse environmental stresses. In various plant species, abiotic stresses modulated the accumulation of polyamines and related gene expression. Studies using loss-of-function mutants and transgenic overexpression plants modulating polyamine metabolic pathways confirmed protective roles of polyamines during plant abiotic stress responses, and indicated the possibility to improve plant tolerance through genetic manipulation of the polyamine pathway. Additionally, putative mechanisms of polyamines involved in plant abiotic stress tolerance were thoroughly discussed and crosstalks among polyamine, abscisic acid, and nitric oxide in plant responses to abiotic stress were emphasized. Special attention was paid to the interaction between polyamine and reactive oxygen species, ion channels, amino acid and carbon metabolism, and other adaptive responses. Further studies are needed to elucidate the polyamine signaling pathway, especially polyamine-regulated downstream targets and the connections between polyamines and other stress responsive molecules.

Shi H, Chan Z (2014) Improvement of plant abiotic stress tolerance through modulation of the polyamine pathway. J Integr Plant Biol 56: 114–121. doi: 10.1111/jipb.12128

Key words: Abiotic stress, crosstalk, polyamine, polyamine metabolic pathway, transgenic plants

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