J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2014, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (9): 928-940.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12242

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Peltate glandular trichomes of Colquhounia seguinii harbor new defensive clerodane diterpenoids

Chun-Huan Li1,2†, Yan Liu1†, Juan Hua1, Shi-Hong Luo1 and Sheng-Hong Li1*   

  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resources in West China, Kunming Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
    2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • Received:2014-04-14 Accepted:2014-07-18 Published:2014-09-01
  • About author:These authors contributed equally to this work.
    *Correspondence: E-mail: shli@mail.kib.ac.cn

Abstract:

Glandular trichomes produce a wide variety of secondary metabolites that are considered as major defensive chemicals against herbivore attack. The morphology and secondary metabolites of the peltate glandular trichomes of a lianoid Labiatae, Colquhounia seguinii Vaniot, were investigated. Three new clerodane diterpenoids, seguiniilactones A-C (1–3), were identified through precise trichome collection with laser microdissection, metabolic analysis with ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometer, target compound isolation with classical phytochemical techniques, structure elucidation with spectroscopic methods. All compounds showed significant antifeedant activity against a generalist plant-feeding insect Spodoptera exigua. Seguiniilactone A (1) was approximately 17-fold more potent than the commercial neem oil. α-Substituted α,β-unsaturated γ-lactone functionality was found to be crucial for strong antifeedant activity of this class of compounds. Quantitative results indicated that the levels of these compounds in the peltate glandular trichomes and leaves were sufficiently high to deter the feeding by generalist insects. Moderate antifungal activity was observed for seguiniilactone C (3) against six predominant fungal species isolated from the diseased leaves of C. seguinii, while seguiniilactones A and B were generally inactive. These findings suggested that seguiniilactones A–C might be specialized secondary metabolites in peltate glandular trichomes for the plant defense against insect herbivores and pathogens.

 

 Li CH, Liu Y, Hua J, Luo SH, Li SH (2014) Peltate glandular trichomes of Colquhounia seguinii harbor new defensive clerodane diterpenoids. J Integr Plant Biol 56: 928–940. doi: 10.1111/jipb.12242

Key words: Colquhounia seguinii Vaniot, peltate glandular trichomes, laser microdissection, clerodane diterpenoids, antifeedant and antifungal activities

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