J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2015, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (12): 996-1002.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12367

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Programmed cell death in seeds of angiosperms

María Paula López-Fernóndez1,2 and Sara Maldonado1,2*   

  1. 1Laboratory of Plant Development, Department of Biodiversity and Experimental Biology, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
    2National Research Council of Argentine (CONICET)
  • Received:2015-02-25 Accepted:2015-05-06 Published:2015-12-01
  • About author:*Correspondence: E-mail: saram@bg.fcen.uba.ar


During the diversification of angiosperms, seeds have evolved structural, chemical, molecular and physiologically developing changes that specially affect the nucellus and endosperm. All through seed evolution, programmed cell death (PCD) has played a fundamental role. However, examples of PCD during seed development are limited. The present review examines PCD in integuments, nucellus, suspensor and endosperm in those representative examples of seeds studied to date.


López-Fernández MP, Maldonado S (2015) Programmed cell death in seeds of angiosperms. J Integr Plant Biol 57: 996–1002 doi: 10.1111/jipb.12367


Key words: Caspases, endosperm, KDEL-CysEP, metacaspases, nucellus, nucleases, programmed cell death, perisperm, ricinosomes

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