J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2016, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (7): 642-655.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12451

• Plant-environmental Interactions • Previous Articles     Next Articles

DELLA proteins interact with FLC to repress flowering transition

Mingzhe Li, Fengying An*, Wenyang Li, Mengdi Ma, Ying Feng, Xing Zhang and Hongwei Guo*   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, College of Life Sciences, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2015-09-18 Accepted:2015-11-17 Published:2015-11-20
  • About author:**Correspondence: E-mail: fyan1204@gmail.com; hongweig@pku.edu.cn(Dr. Guo is fully responsible for distributions of all materials associated with this article)

Abstract:

Flowering is a highly orchestrated and extremely critical process in a plant's life cycle. Previous study has demonstrated that SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1) and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) integrate the gibberellic acid (GA) signaling pathway and vernalization pathway in regulating flowering time, but detailed molecular mechanisms remain largely unclear. In GA signaling pathway, DELLA proteins are a group of master transcriptional regulators, while in vernalization pathway FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) is a core transcriptional repressor that down-regulates the expression of SOC1 and FT. Here, we report that DELLA proteins interact with FLC in vitro and in vivo, and the LHRI domains of DELLAs and the C-terminus of MADS domain of FLC are required for these interactions. Phenotypic and gene expression analysis showed that mutation of FLC reduces while over-expression of FLC enhances the GA response in the flowering process. Further, DELLA-FLC interactions promote the repression ability of FLC on its target genes. In summary, these findings report that the interaction between MADS box transcription factor FLC and GRAS domain regulator DELLAs may integrate various signaling inputs in flowering time control, and shed new light on the regulatory mechanism both for FLC and DELLAs in regulating gene expression.

Key words: Arabidopsis, co-repressor, DELLAs, FLC, flowering

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