J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2019, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (7): 817-835.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12790

Special Issue: Development

• Invited Expert Reviews • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Plant peroxisomal solute transporter proteins

Lennart Charton, Anastasija Plett and Nicole Linka*   

  1. Institute for Plant Biochemistry and Cluster of Excellence on Plant Sciences (CEPLAS), Heinrich Heine University, Universit?tsstrasse 1, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
    These authors contributed equally to this work

    Email: Nicole Linka (Nicole.Linka@hhu.de)
  • Received:2018-10-15 Accepted:2019-02-11 Online:2019-02-14 Published:2019-07-01

Abstract: Plant peroxisomes are unique subcellular organelles which play an indispensable role in several key metabolic pathways, including fatty acid β-oxidation, photorespiration, and degradation of reactive oxygen species. The compartmentalization of metabolic pathways into peroxisomes is a strategy for organizing the metabolic network and improving pathway efficiency. An important prerequisite, however, is the exchange of metabolites between peroxisomes and other cell compartments. Since the first studies in the 1970s scientists contributed to understanding how solutes enter or leave this organelle. This review gives an overview about our current knowledge of the solute permeability of peroxisomal membranes described in plants, yeast, mammals and other eukaryotes. In general, peroxisomes contain in their bilayer membrane specific transporters for hydrophobic fatty acids (ABC transporter) and large cofactor molecules (carrier for ATP, NAD and CoA). Smaller solutes with molecular masses below 300–400 Da, like the organic acids malate, oxaloacetate, and 2-oxoglutarate, are shuttled via non-selective channels across the peroxisomal membrane. In comparison to yeast, human, mammals and other eukaryotes, the function of these known peroxisomal transporters and channels in plants are discussed in this review.

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