J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2021, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (7): 1181-1196.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.13084

Special Issue: Development Photosynthesis

• Invited Expert Review •     Next Articles

From genes to networks: The genetic control of leaf development

Hongfeng Wang1,2, Fanjiang Kong2 and Chuanen Zhou1*   

  1. 1 The Key Laboratory of Plant Development and Environmental Adaptation Biology, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Shandong University, Qingdao 266101, China
    2 Innovative Center of Molecular Genetics and Evolution, School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China

    *Correspondence: Chuanen Zhou (czhou@sdu.edu.cn)
  • Received:2020-11-30 Accepted:2021-02-16 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-07-01

Abstract: Substantial diversity exists for both the size and shape of the leaf, the main photosynthetic organ of flowering plants. The two major forms of leaf are simple leaves, in which the leaf blade is undivided, and compound leaves, which comprise several leaflets. Leaves form at the shoot apical meristem from a group of undifferentiated cells, which first establish polarity, then grow and differentiate. Each of these processes is controlled by a combination of transcriptional regulators, microRNAs and phytohormones. The present review documents recent advances in our understanding of how these various factors modulate the development of both simple leaves (focusing mainly on the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana) and compound leaves (focusing mainly on the model legume species Medicago truncatula).

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