J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2023, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (10): 2304-2319.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.13550

• Metabolism and Biochemistry • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Preferential transport activity of DkDTX5/MATE5 affects the formation of different astringency in persimmon

Ying Liu, Xin Wu, Chenfeng Sun, Wenxing Chen, Meng Zhang, Niannian Liu, Qinglin Zhang, Liqing Xu* and Zhengrong Luo*   

  1. National Key Laboratory for Germplasm Innovation & Utilization of Horticultural Crops, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
    *Correspondences: Liqing Xu (liqingxu@mail.hzau.edu.cn); Zhengrong Luo (luozhr@mail.hzau.edu.cn, Luo is fully responsible for the distributions of all materials associated with this article)
  • Received:2023-02-22 Revised:2023-07-07 Accepted:2023-07-22 Online:2023-08-01 Published:2023-10-01

Abstract: Proanthocyanidins (PAs) are specialized metabolites that influence persimmon fruit quality. Normal astringent (A)-type and non-astringent (NA)-type mutants show significant variation in PA accumulation, but the influencing mechanism remains unclear. In this study, among the six identified DTXs/MATEs proteins associated with PA accumulation, we observed that allelic variation and preferential transport by DkDTX5/MATE5 induced variation in PA accumulation for A-type and NA-type fruit. The expression pattern of DkDTX5/MATE5 was correlated with PA accumulation in NA-type fruit. Upregulation and downregulation of DkDTX5/MATE5 promoted and inhibited PA accumulation, respectively, in the NA-type fruit. Interestingly, transporter assays of Xenopus laevis oocytes indicated that DkDTX5/MATE5 preferentially transported the PA precursors catechin, epicatechin, and epicatechin gallate, resulting in their increased ratios relative to the total PAs, which was the main source of variation in PA accumulation between the A-type and NA-type. The allele lacking Ser-84 in DkDTX5/MATE5 was identified as a dominantly expressed gene in the A-type and lost its transport function. Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that DkDTX5/MATE5 binds to PA precursors via Ser-84. These findings clarify the association between the transporter function of DkDTX5/MATE5 and PA variation, and can contribute to the breeding of new cultivars with improved fruit quality.

Key words: astringency, DTX/MATE, persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.), proanthocyanidins (PAs), tonoplast, transmembrane

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