J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2002, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (7): 858-863.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Photosynthetic Gas-exchange and Leaflet Movement of Robinia pseudoacacia in Relation to Changing Light Environments

ZHANG Shou-Ren, MA Ke-Ping and CHEN Ling-Zhi   

  • Published:2002-07-15

Abstract:

On the sunny days, there were little diurnal changes in both azimuth and directional angle for either sun or shade leaflet. However, there existed a significant diurnal change in midrib angle that reflected movements regarding evasion of light stress around noon hours. On the cloudy day, a very little diurnal difference was found in azimuth, directional and midrib angle. It is suggested that changing light environment is the main factor for inducing leaflet movement of Robinia pseudoacacia, and the rhythmical movement does not attribute to the leaflet movement. Leaf orientation control test showed that the photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (gs) and transpiration (Tr) of the artificial fixed leaflets were significantly lower than that of control leaflets. And the leaf temperature (Tl) of the fixed leaflets significantly exceeded that of control leaflets, which may attribute to the significant difference of light interception between the fixed and control leaflets. The light dependent leaflet movement is the morphological adjustment of maintaining optimal physiological status. 

与变化光环境关联的刺槐光合气体交换和复叶运动
张守仁* 马克平 陈灵芝
(中国科学院植物研究所植被数量生态学开放研究实验室,北京10093)

摘要: 在夏季的晴天阳生叶和阴生叶方位角和方向角的日变化均很小,但是叶片的中脉角存在显著的日变化差异,这种叶片垂直方向上的显著运动与躲避中午的强光胁迫有关。而在阴天,阳生叶和阴生叶方位角、方向角和中脉角的日变化均很小。这说明变化的光环境是引起刺槐复叶运动的主要原因,而节律性运动不是刺槐复叶运动的诱导因素。机械固定叶片的控制实验显示:机械固定叶片的光合速率、气孔导度和蒸腾速率均显著低于对照叶片,而机械固定叶片温度明显高于对照叶片,这可能是由于机械固定叶片和对照叶片两者在光辐射接受量上的差异造成的。光诱导下的刺槐复叶运动是植株维持最佳生理状态的形态调节表现。
关键词: 刺槐;复叶运动;光合气体交换;光环境

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Key words: Robinia pseudoacacia, leaflet movement, photosynthetic gas exchange, light environment

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