J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2003, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (10): 1186-1194.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Supporting of Potential Forage Production to the Herbivore-based Pastoral Farming Industry on the Loess Plateau

WANG Guo-Hong, ZHANG Xin-Shi   

Abstract:

For the purpose of contributing to the establishment of optimized eco-productive paradigm, a new layout of land use of the Loess Plateau was carried out and the associated forage potential was estimated. Results indicated that the percentages of the area of grassland, woodland, basic farmland and orchard to the total productive land area were 44%, 22%, 20% and 14% respectively according to this new land use scenario. Based on the datasets of 197 counties in the Loess Plateau, the estimated forage potential would amount to 104 881 028 ton/a (hay), which can raise 104 881 028 productivity sheep unit/a. According to the unchanged price in 1999, pastoral gross product value would amount to 52 440.51 million yuan RMB/a, which is as much as 5.3 times of that in 1999 and exceeds the agricultural gross product in 1999 by 14%. In addition, there are ca. 59% of counties whose mean pastoral product value per person would be more than 1 000 yuan RMB/a, while ca. 41% of counties whose mean pastoral product value per person would be less than 1 000 yuan RMB/a. On the other hand, the estimated agricultural gross product on the Loess Plateau would amount to 11 472 2.34 million yuan RMB/a and ca. 46% of the total would come from pastoral industry, 27% from orchid industry, 14% from forestry and 13% from farmland. From the perspective both ecologically and economically, this paper holds that the herbi-vore-based pastoral industry is a promising industry bolstering the ecological improvement and economical development on the Loess Plateau.

黄土高原草地畜牧业产业形成与发展的牧草生产力基础
王国宏 张新时
(中国科学院植物研究所植被数量生态学重点实验室,北京 100093)


摘要: 在黄土高原197个区县土地利用方式重新规划的基础上,对黄土高原畜牧业产业形成与发展的牧草生产潜力进行了分析预测。结果表明:规划的牧、林、农、果用地占生产用地的比例分别是草地44%、林地22%、基本农田20%、果园14%;197个区县草地牧草生产、作物秸秆、草田轮作和果园种草预测的总牧草饲料生产潜力达104 881 028 t/a (其中,草地牧草生产潜力约占45%,达47 196 462.7 t/a), 可载畜104 881 028个羊单位/a(其中草地可载畜47 196 462.7个羊单位/a)。按1999年不变价格计算,黄土高原预测畜牧业总产值将达到5 244 051万元RMB/a,是1999年畜牧业总产值的5.3倍,超过1999年黄土高原农业总产值14%。农业人口人均预测畜牧业产值大于1 000元的区县占59%;小于1 000元的区县占41%。此外,预测的农业总产值将达到1 147.223 4亿元RMB/a,其中畜牧业、果业、林业和农业产值占农业总产值的比重分别是46%、27%、14%和13%。随着畜牧业产业链的逐步建立与完善,产业发展布局的日趋合理,黄土高原畜牧业生产总值将有较大幅度的提高,黄土高原生态环境将有进一步的改善。黄土高原草地畜牧业蕴藏着巨大的发展潜力,有望成为黄土高原优化的生产-生态新产业带建制中的支柱产业。
关键词: 草地;牧草生产力;畜牧业;黄土高原

Key words: grassland, forage potential, pastoral industry, the Loess Plateau

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