J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2003, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (6): 644-653.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Mangrove Flora of the World 

WANG Bo-Sun, LIANG Shi-Chu, ZHANG Wei-Yin, ZAN Qi-Jie   


The species composition and characteristics of mangrove flora in the world were reviewed and discussed. The results suggested that the world''s mangrove plants have 84 species (including 12 varieties) in 24 genera and 16 families. Of which, true mangrove plants have 70 species (including 12 varieties) in 16 genera and 11 families, and semi_mangrove plants 14 species in eight genera and five families. The Eastern Group has 74 species (including 12 varieties) in 18 genera and 14 families, characterized by the genera Aegiceras, Osbornia, Aegialitis, Bruguiera, Ceriops, Kandelia, Scyphiphora and Nypa etc. The Western Group has only 10 species in six genera and five families, characterized by the endemic one-species family, Pelliceraceae, and the genus Laguncularia. The mangrove flora of China is composed of 26 species (including one variety) in 15 genera and 12 families, four of which are endemic. Hainan is most rich in mangrove species, making up about 96.2% of the Chinese total; Guangdong ranks second, making up about 42.3%. It has been demonstrated that Rhizophora stylosa was mistaken for R. mucronata in Taiwan by previous authors.

王伯荪  梁士楚  张炜银  昝启杰
(1.  中山大学生命科学学院,广州510275; 2.  中国科学院植物研究所植被数量生态学重点实验室,北京100091;3. 中国林业科学研究院森林生态与环境保护研究所,北京100091;
4.  广东内伶仃F福田国家级自然保护区管理局,深圳518040

摘要:探讨了世界红树林植物区系的种类组成及其特点.确认全世界共有红树植物16科24属84种(含12变种), 其中真红树为11科16属70种(含12变种), 半红树为5科8属14种.东方类群有14科18属74种(含12变种), 以 Aegiceras, Osbornia, Aegialitis, Bruguiera, Ceriops, Kandelia, Scyphiphora Nypa等属为特征;西方类群有5科6属10种, 具有单种特有科皮利西科Pelliceraceae以及Laguncularia属.中国红树植物区系有12科15属26种(含1变种), 其中特有种4种.海南的红树植物种类最为丰富, 占全国的96.2%; 广东次之, 占42.3%.台湾记载的红茄(Rhizophora mucronata)其实为红树榄R. stylose之误.

关键词: 红树;区系;区系组成;红茄苳

通讯作者。Tel: 020-84112808。

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2022 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q