J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2003, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (7): 774-786.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Dynamics of Dimethylsulfide and Dimethylsulfoniopropionate Produced by Phytoplankton in the Chinese Seas — Distribution Patterns and Affecting Factors

JIAO Nian-Zhi, LIU Cheng-Zheng, HONG Hua-Sheng, Shigeki HARADA, Horoshi KOSHIKAWA, Masataka WATANABE   

Abstract:

Distribution of dimethylsulfide (DMS) and/or particulate dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSPp) concentrations in the Jiaozhou Bay, Zhifu Bay and East China Sea were investigated during the period of 1994 - 1998. Both DMS and DMSPp levels showed remarkable temporal and spatial variations. High values occurred in the coastal or shelf waters and low values in the offshore waters. The highest levels were observed in spring or summer and lowest in autumn. DMS or DMSPp distribution patterns were associated with water mass on a large geographical scale, while biological and chemical factors were more likely influential on smaller-scale variations. Diatoms could play an important role in total DMS or DMSPp abundance in coastal waters. Nitrate was found to have a two-phase relationship with DMSPp concentrations: positive when nitrate concentration was lower than 1 µmol/L, and negative when it was above. Anthropogenic factors such as sewage input and aquaculture also showed influences on DMS or DMSPp concentration.

中国近海浮游植物生产的二甲基硫和二甲基硫丙酸的分布状况
及其影响因素
焦念志   柳成章 洪华生 原田茂树 越川海 渡边正孝

(1.厦门大学环境科学中心海洋环境教育部重点实验室,厦门361005; 2.中国科学院海洋研究所,青岛 66071;3. 日本国立环境研究所,筑波 3050053, 日本)


摘要:  于1994~1998年期间调查了浮游植物生产的生源气候气体二甲基硫(DMS)及其前身二甲基硫丙酸(DMSPp)在我国胶州湾、芝罘湾、东海的分布状况及其影响因素。结果表明,自然海区中二者浓度都存在明显的时空变化。地理分布规律是,高值出现在沿岸海区和陆架海区,低值出现在外海特别是贫营养海区。就不同季节而言,高值出现在春季或夏季,低值出现在秋季。DMS或DMSPp的分布在大尺度上主要受海流和水团的影响,而在小尺度上营养条件和生物因子则更重要。 在近岸海区,硅藻是DMS和 DMSPp的重要贡献者。研究海区硝酸盐与DMSPp的关系有两种情况:当硝酸盐浓度低于1 μmol/L时,二者为正相关,硝酸盐浓度高于这个阈值时,二者为负相关。表明浮游植物细胞中二甲基硫丙酸作为渗透压调节物质其含量受到氮源可得性的调控。此外,研究结果还显示,生活污水入海、海水养殖等也对DMS和DMSPp的浓度分布有一定影响。
关键词: 二甲基硫(DMS); 二甲基硫丙酸(DMSPp); 氮; 硅藻; 胶州湾; 芝罘湾; 东海
通讯作者。E-mail:<jiao@xmu.edu.cn>。

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2021 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q
备案号:京ICP备16067583号-22