J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1994, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): -.

• Research Articles •    

Effects of Polyamines and Kinetin on In Vitro Frond Senescence in Lemna aequinoctialis 6746

Yin Lu-ming   

Abstract: Both polyamines and kinetin could retard the loss of chlorophyll during dark-induced senescence in excised frond of Lernna aequinoctialis 6746. The effect of polyamines on retarding the chlorophyll loss was stronger than that of kinetin. Kinetin remarkably inhibited the loss of soluble proteins and the increase of protease activity, while no similar effects were observed from polyamines. An inhibitor of polyamine biosynthesis, methylglyoxal bis- (guanyl- hydrazone) (MGBG), slightly increased the loss of chlorophyll and soluble proteins. During senescience, both the increase of putrescine (Put) content and the decrease of spermidine (Spd) content were inhibited by kinetin at the concentration of 0.05 mmol/L, but the spermine (Spm) level was not affected by kinetin. The arginine decarboxylase (ADC) activity was dominant in frond of Lemna aequinoctialis 6746. Kinetin slightly increased ADC activity, while it had no marked effect on ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and s-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC). The possible relationship between polyamines and cytokinins in retarding senescence was also discussed.

Key words: Polyamine, Spermine, Spermidine, Putrescine, Cytokinin, Kinetin, Senescence, Lemna aequinoctialis

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