J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1991, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): -.

• Research Articles •    

Study on Genetic Behaviour of B Chromosomes at Meiosis in Agropyron Gaertn

Li Li-hui,Dong Yu-chen and Xu Shi-yu   

Abstract: The chromosomal behaviour at meiosis in pollen mother cells of 33 sample materials from 4 species in Agropyron Gaerm. distributed over various regions in China were observed. We. found that B chromosomes were mainly-present in A. mongolicum Keng (2n=2x=14) and were absent in the tetraploid ,A. cristarum (L.) Gaertn. (2n=4x=28) and ,A. michnoi Roshev. (2n=4x=28). Of all A. desertorum (Fisch.) Schult. (2n=4x=28) populations, they were present in 40%. The pairing between even numbers of B chromosomes usually occured at diakinesis where as uneven numbers of B chromosomes at metaphase 1. B chromosomes at anaphase I separated at random. The Fagging Bs tended to reach two poles by chromatids through precocious division of Bs. The pairing and chiasma frequencies between A chromosomes were increased by the larger numbers of Bs. The relationship between B chromosomes and species ploidy, the homeology among Bs, etc were discussed.

Key words: Agropyron Gaerm., Meiosis, B-chromosomes, Chromosome pairing

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