J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1992, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): -.

• Research Articles •    

Confocal Microscopic Observations on Actin Filament Distribution in Lily Pollen Protoplasts

Xu Shi-xiong (S. Y. Zee)   

Abstract: Actin filaments (F-actin) were localized in the isolated pollen protoplasts of lily using TRITC-phalloidin probe and confocal microscopy. Two kinds of pollen protoplasts were examined: one from pollen grains of non-dehiscent anthers(referred to as ‘nearly mature’ pollen); and the other from pollen grains of just dehiscent anthers(referred to as ‘just mature’ pollen). In the cytoplasm of the pollen protoplasts of the ‘nearly mature’ pollen there was a very well organized actin network made up of thick actin bundles. Two types of bundle connections were seen in the network; namely ‘branch’ connections and 'junction' connections. The ‘branch’ connection (or branching points) was formed due to branching or merging of bundies. The ‘junction’ connection (or 'junction' point) had two or more bundles associated with it. Some of the ‘junction’ points might be actin filament organization: centres. The generative cell in iht pollen protoplasts of the ‘nearly mature’ pollen also contained an actin network. But this network was structurally quite loose and the pundles made up the network were short and thick. In the cytoplasm of the pollen protoplasts of the ‘just mature’ pollen the actin net work was more densely packed. The bundles made up the network were also thinner. The actin network in the generative cell was, however, less densely packed. If the pollen protoplasts from both the ‘nearly mature’ and the 'just mature' pollen grains were transferred from a B5 medium into a Brewbaker and Kwack medium supplemented with sucrose, protoplasts rapidly (i.e. within 2 to 3 hours) developed vacuoles and transvacuolar strand. In these va cuolated protoplasts the vegetative nucleus andthe generative cell became tightly surrounded by a new actin network. In the transvacuolar strands there were numerous actin bundles. The “ends” of some of these bundles appeared to be tightly attached to the protoplast membrane indicating that some kind of structures might be present in the protoplast membrane for actin filament attachment.

Key words: Pollen protoplast, Phalloidin, Actin filament, Lily

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