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J Integr Plant Biol, 1992, 34 (7): -, Research Article
Structure of Embryo Sac Before and After Fertilization and Distribution of Transfer Cells in Ovules of Green Gram
Wang Chun-gang and Xi Xiang-yuan
The structure of embryo sac before and after fertilization, embryo and endosperm development and transfer cell distribution in Phaseolus radiatus were investigated using light and transmission electron microscopy. The synergids with distinct filiform apparatus have a chalazal vacuole, numerous mitochondria and ribosomes. A cell wall exists only around the micropylar half of the synergids. The egg cell has a chalazally located nucleus, a large micropylar vacuole and several small vacuoles. Mitochondria and plasrids with starch grains are abundant. No cell wall is present at its chalazal end. There are no plasma membranes between the egg and central cell in several places. The zygote has a complete cell wall, abundant mitochondria and plastids containing starch grains. Both degenerated and persistent synergids migh.t serve as a nutrient supplement to proembryo. The wall ingrowths occur in the central cell, basal cell, inner integumentary cells, suspensor cells and endosperm cells. These transfer cells may contribute to embryo nutrition at different developmental stages of embryo.
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