J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1992, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): -.

• Research Articles •    

Systematic Evolutional Relation of Chemical Components of the Essential Oils from 11 Taxa of Citrus Leaves

Lin Zheng-kui and Hua Ying-fang   

Abstract: With fused silica capillary column for GC, according to Kovats retention index ITP of GC and GC-MS-DS double identification, chemical components of the essential oils from 11 taxa in Citrus leaves were studied. It has been found that the characteristic component of Papeda seedon is citronellal; that of ilurantiurn section is “myrcene and linalool” or “sabinene and liaalool”; that of Microacrumen subsection is linalool; that of Macroacrumen subsection is Z-, E-liaalooloxide and that the characteristic components of Citrophorum section are neral and geranial and those of Cephalocitrus section are neral, geranial and carvone. Our study indicates that there are different GC configurations for various taxonomic units. The differences narrow from sections to species and from species to cultivars. The differences are greatest among sections and remarkable among different species of the same section. Different culativars of the same species of the same section have similar Gig patterns. All these differences or similarities reflect their close or distant relationships, which are the important bases for setting up natural classification. The systematic evolution of the sections of genus Citrus may correlate well with the characteristic components, the biosynthesis pathways and the morphological characters.

Key words: Citrus, Characteristic component of essential oil, Systematic evolution

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