J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1995, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

Ultrastructural Changes of the Nucleolus During Cell Cycle in Triticum aestivum

Zhang Fei-xiong, Jiao Ming-da and Hao Shui   

Abstract: The ultrastructural changes of the nticleolus during cell cycle in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ) were studied by an "en bloc" silver-staining method. It was observed that in interphase, the nucleolus was heavily stained, within which fibrillar centres, dense fibrillar component, granular component and nucleolar vacuoles could be identified. A large quantity of argentine fine granules were distributed in the condensed chromatin. Dur-ing prophase, along with the disintegration of the nucleolus and condensation of the chromatin, the larger heavily-stained granules gradually appeared at the periphery of the chromatin. At late prophase, the materials derived from the nucleolus were spread and deposited on the surface of the chromosomes. The silver-stained, larger granules, deriving from the disintegrated nucleolus, accumulated at the periphery of the metaphase chromosomes and formed an uneven and discontinuous "sheath"-like structure. This "sheath"-like structure was also observed at anaphase. In telophase, the silver-stained nucleolar materials were progressively separated from the "sheath' and fused with each other to form prenucleolar bodies, and at last, participating in the formation of new nucleoli. The results showed that the nucleolar materials were transferred directly to the surface of the chromosomes and formed a discontinuous coat, but not incorporated into the interior of the chromosomes. The silverstained granules inside the chromosomes were neither related to the nucleolus nor to the materials from the disintegrated nucleolus.

Key words: Triticum aestivum, Nucleolus, Ultrastructure, Cell cycle, Dynamic changes

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