J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1996, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): -.

• Research Articles •    

Transgenic Potato with PVY Coat Protein Gene and Its Small-Scale Field Test

Song Yan-ru, Ma Qing-hu, Hou Lin-lin, Zhang Li-zhi, Yang Wen-yu, Peng Xue-xian and Wang Hai-yun   

Abstract: Potato virus Y (PVY) infection may cause a severe yield depression up to 80%. To develop the potato (Solanum tuberosum L. ) cultivars that resist PVY infection is very crucial in potato production. The authors have been cloned the coat protein gene of PVY from its Chinese isolate. A chimaeric gene containing the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter and PVY coat protein coding region was introduced into the potato cultivars “Favorita”, “Tiger head” and “K4” via Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Results from PCR and Southern blot analysis confirmed that the foreign gene has integrated into the potato chromosomes. These transgenic potato plants were mechanically inoculated with PVY virus (20 mg/L). The presence of the virus in the potato plants was determined by ELISA and method of back inoculation into tobacco. The authors observed a drastic reduction in the accumulation of virus in some transgenic potato lines. Furthermore, some transgenic potato lines produced more tubers per plant than the untransformed potato did, and the average weight of these transgenic plant tubers was also increased. In the field test, the morphology and development of these transgenic potato plants were normal, 3 transgenic lines of “Favorita” exhibited a higher yield than the untrasformed virus-free potato with an increase ranged from 20% to 30%. From these transgenic lines, it will be very hopeful to develop a potato cultivar which not only has a significant resistance to PVY infection, but also a good harvest in potato production.

Key words: Transgenic potato, Virus coat protein gene, Field test

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