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J Integr Plant Biol, 1999, 41 (12): -, Research Article
Effects of High K+ and Alkaline pH on Ultrastructure of Dunaliella salina Chloroplasts
MA Shu-Ying, HUANG Yang-Cheng, YANG Xiao-He and WU Wei-Hua
doi:
Abstract
It was reported that the growth of Dunaliella salina Teod. cultured in medium containing 1 mol/L NaC1 was almost completely inhibited by the addition of 100 mmol/L KC1. The high K+ (100 mmol/L KC1) treatment also significantly inhibited the photosynthetic rate of D. salina and decreased chlorophyll contents in algae. This study focuses on possible effects of high K+ or alkaline pH on the ultrastructural change of chloroplasts in D. salina. After D. salina was cultured in a medium containing 100 n,anol/L KC1 or in a medium with alkaline pH for 8 to 10 days, dramatic ultrastructural changes occurred in the chloroplasts including thylakoid swelling, volume increase of chloroplast, and significant accumulation of starch grains in chloroplasts. The results are consistent with our previous report indicating that the ultrastmctuml changes in chloroplast under high K + or alkaline pH may lead to an inhibitory effects on photosynthesis and overall growth of D. salina.
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