J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1999, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): -.

• Research Articles •    

RFLP Variations of Common Wheat Doubled Haploid Progenies from Wheat×Maize Crosses

CHEN Chun-Xian, SUN Jing-San and ZHU Li-Huang   

Abstract: Wheat ( Triticum aestivum L. ) and maize ( Zea mays L. ) crosses (the chromosome elimination system) can be used to produce frequently a large number of doubled haploid (DH) wheat lines by embryo rescue and doubling treatment. The resulting DH lines are genetically homogeneous. Significant RFLP variations were detected in common wheat DH progenies from wheat and maize crosses by using wheat rDNA clone pta71 and two maize DNA clones (MR13 and MRSO) homologous to wheat genome as probes. The results revealed that the copy number and restriction fragment length of rDNA in some wheat DH progenies was changed, and also that deletion was detected in several DH plants when probed with MR13 and MR5O. In particular, the RFLP pattern of DH line No. 18 was greatly changed using MR13 as a probe. In this line, three new bands, 40.0 kb, 2.5 kb and 2.0 kb emerged while a 4.3 kb intense band from the parental common wheat genome disappeared. This change may be related to a quite large DNA rearrangement within the wheat genomic DNA or an insertion by alien maize DNA fragment.

Key words: Wheat, Maize, Wide crosses, Doubled haploid, RFLP

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