J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1997, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): -.

• Research Articles •    

Cytoplasmic Nucleoids in the Generative Cell, Sperm Cell and Egg Cell of Calystegia heder acea

Hu Zan-min and Hu Shi-yi   

Abstract: Cytoplasmic nucleoids in the generative cell of mature pollens, sperm cells of pollens cultured in vitro and egg cell of mature embryo sac in Calystegia bederacea Wall. were studied by means of the DNA fluorochrome DAPI in conjunction with epitluorescence microscopy for in situ detection of cytoplasmic DNA in cells. Results showed that many cytoplasmic DNA nucleoids were present in the generative cell and speim cells. Two types of nucleoids were observed, one with big and strong fluorescent dots, and the other with small and weak fluorescence. Many dot-shaped and a few circle-shaped nucleoids were randomly distributed in the thin layered cytoplasm of the egg cell. It was suggested that different types of nucleoids might represent plastid DNA and mitochondrion DNA respectively. Results provided cytological data that Calystegia hederaeea had the potential of plastid DNA biparental inheritance, and the mode of which merits further study via molecular biological methods.

Key words: Calystegia hederacea, Generative cell, Sperm cell, Egg cell, Cytoplasmic nucleoid

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