J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1997, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): -.

• Research Articles •    

Strategies and Advances in Antifungi Genetic Engineering of Plant

Shu Qun-fang and Sun Yong-ru   

Abstract: Fungal diseases have been one of the principal causes of crop losses. Breeding of fungusresistant cultivars of crops has been a difficult problem of the breeders' great concern. The rapid development of genetic engineering of plant plays an active promoting role in identifying, isolating and transferring the fungal resistance genes. After the fungal resistance genes have been transferred to other cultivars and possibly to other species to provide resistance to specific races of fungus pathogens, to date, strategies for control of fungal diseases with genetic engineering of plant have been proposed. These strategies include isolation and transfer of genes encoding antifungal proteins. Plants use various defense mechanics for protecting themselves against pathogenic infection, so that isolate and transfer themselves fungal resistance genes; transfer of the gene coding for phytoalexins synthase; transfer of the gene encoding the inhibitors of fungus enzymes and so on. Recent worldwide achievements in the use of tmnsgenie plants to protect plants from fungal disease are reviewed and strategies for control of fungal diseases with genetic engineering of plant according to physiological function of pathogens, pathogenesis and interaction of plant-pathogenic bacteria were expounded.

Key words: Fungi, Genetic engineering of plant, Strategy, Advance

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2022 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q