J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1989, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (6): -.

• Research Articles •    

The Structure of Pollen Wall and Its Relation to Po41en Aggregation in Cymbidium goeringii (Rchb. F.) Rchb. F.

Hu Shi-yi and Yang Jian   

Abstract: The pollen wall of tetrads located in different positions of a mature pollinium of Cymbidium goeringii was examined with the electron microscope, and the compositions of wall materials were also tested with different histochemical methods. In all tetrads of a pollinium, the pollen wall can be distingished into an exine and an intine, but the exine may be varied greatly according to the tetrad position in a pollenium. The part of the pollen wall (the outer wall) of the external tetrads, lying close, to the tapetum, is composed of two layers, i.e. the exine, and the intine. Theexine consists of tectum, granulate ectexine and endexine, without foot layer. The intine is cellulose in nature. In the outer wall between different groups of: tetrads and in the inner wall within an individual tetrad, the structure of ectexine becomes simple and the deposition of sporopollenin is roduced The degree of reduction of ectexine nicreases from the outer to inner tetrads in several external layers of a pollinium, and even the internal tetrads have a reduced ectexine or lack of it. The present study also demonstrates that the mechanism of pollen aggregation into a pollinium is built on a combined effect of the following features: (1) connected bridges formed' by intine between two pollens within a tetrad, (2) formation of cytoplasmic channels between two pollens within a tetrad, (3) incomplete cell wall formation within a tetrad, (4) little size of tetrads and compact arrangement of mature tetrads and (5) a sticky viscin material surrounded on the outside of a pollinium.

Key words: Pollen wall, Pollinium, Cymbidium goeringii.

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