J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1989, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): -.

• Research Articles •    

Fertilization and Embryo Development of Populus lasiocarpa Oliv

Zhu Tong and Li Wen-dian   

Abstract: The double fertilization and embryo development of P. lasiocarpa were studied using cytochemical method for DNA, RNA, polysaccharides and proteins. Stigmas were covered by secretion stained positively with PAS and mercuric bromphenol blue at receptive stage. The pollen grains germinated on the stigma in large quantities 6 hours after pollination. Fertilization started at the 6th days after pollination. The sperm nucleus fused with the secondary nucleus faster than the sperm nucleus with the egg nucleus. The syngamy belonged to peremitotic type. A great deal of starch grains in the embryo sac disappeared during fertilization. The endosperm was nuclear type and becomed a cel 31 days after pollination. The endosperm was characterized by a dense cytoplasm rich in protein. No discrete starch grains were observed in endosperm. Afterwards, the endosperm was consumed by the developing embryo, thus the mature seeds were non-endospermous. The zygote was dormant for 6–8 days. During the dormency, many striking changes took place, and then, the zygotes showed more pronounced polarity. These changes included the shinkage of the large vacuole, the reduced size, the reappearance of large vacuole, the enlarging of the size. The embryogenesis conformed to the Solanad type. The ovules matured into seeds successively 44 days after pollination. The mature embryo was straight. Two cotyledons folded each other.

Key words: Populus lasiocarpa Oliv., Fertilization, Embryo development

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